Section XI: Nature and Causes of Road Accidents
The analysis of road accidents in terms of causal factors reveals that drivers’ fault is single most important factor responsible for accidents, followed by fault of drivers of other vehicles, defects in motor vehicles, defect in road conditions and faults of pedestrians.
Drivers’ fault accounted for 77.1 per cent of total road accidents, 72.6 per cent of the total number of persons killed and 80.3 per cent of the total number of persons injured in road accidents during 2015. This is shown in Table 11.1 and Chart 11.1. Faults of the cyclists and pedestrians appear to be of marginal consequence having a share of 0.7 per cent and 1.5 percent, respectively, in road accidents during 2015. Cyclists and pedestrians were responsible for about 1.0 per cent and 1.8 per cent, respectively, of total number of persons killed in road
accidents. Causes of accidents across the States/UTs are provided in Annexure-XXVII.